Bruce Lee Fighting Style. Jeet Kune Do Secrets
Jeet Kune Do, abbreviated as JKD is an eclectic hybrid martial art technique influenced by the philosophies of the world-renowned martial artist, Bruce Lee. He founded the system in 1967 and referred to as “nonclassical,” which suggests that Jeet Kune Do is a form of Chinese kung fu without the traditional styles. Unlike more conventional Martial arts styles, JKD isn’t about any fixed strategy but is a collection of philosophy that is intended to penetrate deep into the hearts and souls of those who practice it.
Bruce Lee then considered his form of martial art style but rather an aggregate of principles for the overall development of mind and body. Even though the foundation of JKD lies in the range and theory, it is said that Bruce Lee liberally borrowed some aspects of styles such as Taekwondo, fencing, wrestling, and Western boxing.
The philosophy behind Jeet Kune Do
Founded on the precept of self-discovery and self-knowledge, the practitioner of JKD is asked to absorb the ideas that are useful and discard the ones that are not. The goal of practicing this form of martial art is to perpetually develop physical speed, timing, power, footwork, and coordination. Much has been said and written about this unique martial art style, but the goal of practicing it remains the same.
Since Bruce Lee’s untimely death in 1973, Jeet Kune Do has evolved into two variants: the original JKD that Lee himself practiced; and concepts of JKD applied to other martial art techniques drawn from styles of various cultures and countries including Philippines, Indonesia, and Thailand.
It’s important to keep in mind that JKD means “to intercept.” If there is no interception happening, then the practitioner is not living by the words and the philosophy of this martial art style. With that in mind, JKD also has various methods to initiate an attack that we commonly refer to as primary, secondary, and the five ways of attacking.
The secrets of Jeet Kune Do attack forms
Primary attack: This is a kind of attack that you must initiate by using Pace, Fraud, or Force. And as the names somewhat imply, Pace is all about the speed at which the attack is launched. You could be going from 1-100 in a split second, literally beating your opponent to the punch by sheer speed. Pace could also involve a type of broken rhythm, where you break your own rhythm for your opponents during an attack
The fraud elements of an attack only mean to deceive your opponent through distraction or an indirect attack. Your intention is to make your opponent think you are approaching the attack in a particular way and then quickly change it midstream. Fraud attack styles can include pacing, feinting, attack by drawing or even an indirect approach that blends into the five ways of attack that we mentioned earlier.
Finally, Force is used to crash through an opponent’s defence mechanism by utilizing some sort of technique of trapping. This aspect is literally what it sounds like where the principal idea is to muscle your opponent’s, using brute force and sheer strength to create an opening for victory.
Secondary attack: A secondary attack happens when your opponent initiates the attack, and you are left to defend for yourself by using one of five timings – on intention, on preparation, on delivery, on completion, and on recovery. In the book, Tao of Jeet Kune Do, written by Bruce Lee, he refers to the timings as before, during, and after phases but didn’t necessarily classify the timings.
These five attacks in total will fall under the category of “before,” “during,” and “after” timings.
Attacking on intention generally, propagate the idea of hitting your opponent when they are thinking about hitting you. Hitting on intention is an extremely hard task as it requires awareness, intuition, and ability to read body language. Attacking on preparation simply implies to attack the opponent when they are preparing to hit you.
Take, for example; your opponent is pulling his arm backward to launch a punch your way, and this is when you must be ready to hit them first.
Next, we have the attack on completion that usually means landing your first hit after your opponent has completed their initial attack. For example, if your opponent shoots a straight jab, your move would be to catch the opponent’s jab on his extension and return it back in full force. And lastly; attack on recovery implies going on the offensive when your opponent is trying to recover from exhaustion or injury.
The Five Ways of Attack: This is the attack form that Bruce Lee used to organise his art. It is basically the strategy used in JKD to deliver the attack, and it was derived from the principles styles found in Western Fencing.
The Five ways of individual striking styles are known as the following:
1. S.D.A/S.A.A – S.D.A just means Single Direct Attack where you can attack your opponent using a single punch or kick that travels from point A to point B with no deviation in the process.
2. A.B.C means Attack by Combination where you could combine two or more hits together to put your opponent down. The possibilities of punches and kicks are limitless, and this is one of the key advantages of JKD
3. A.B.D means Attack by Drawing, and it is the third of the five ways of attack. This directly implies beating your opponent so that they attack in a supposedly open line, but in reality, you have created a false impression or momentary vulnerability to take advantage.
4. P.I.A. or Progressive Indirect Attack involves taking up the distance to create an opportunity to attack in a line and then fake that line to switch to another. This can be done in the way of hand to hand combat, hand to foot, foot to hand, or foot to foot.
5. Lastly, H.I.A or Hand Immobilization Attack refers to trapping of the hand or any other limbo to immobilize it, thus making way for you to score a hit.
“Be like water”
The techniques mentioned above are some of the core fundamentals of Jeet Kune Do, preached and practiced by the master himself. Bruce Lee emphasized that every scenario, be it in fighting or in everyday life, is varied and that there is only one way to attain victory for sure i.e. “be like water” where you adjust and adapt with effortless ease.